In fact, a narration of ‘Umar b. al-Khattab referring to the same episode mentions her as ‘Umm Ibrahim’ (the mother of Ibrahim): عن عمر قال قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم لحفصة لا تحدثي أحدا وإن أم إبراهيم علي حرام فقالت أتحرم ما أحل الله لك قال فوالله لا أقربها قال فلم يقربها نفسها حتى أخبرت عائشة فأنزل الله عز وجل قد فرض الله لكم تحلة أيمانكم, Narrated ‘Umar [b. al-Khattab]: The Prophet (ﷺ) said to Hafsa: ‘Do not to mention it to anyone, the mother of Ibrahim (i.e. Among the orders we received from our Commander (i.e., in Medina) was the order, “Take the interest of the Copts to heart, for the Messenger of God enjoined their best interests upon us, because they have ties of kinship with us and are therefore entitled to our protection.”‘ “It is truly a distant relationship,” the prelates answered, “one that only prophets can establish. Among the issues related to private life of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) the status of Maria, the Copt, has been a subject of discussion in recent times. The final child that our Prophet salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam was blessed with was Ibrahim. Is this a 300 million-year-old screw or just a fossilized sea creature? In particular, it is alleged that Hafsa became upset when the Prophet was intimate with Maria the Copt in … Ancient Origins © 2013 - 2020Disclaimer - Terms of Publication - Privacy Policy & Cookies - Advertising Policy - Submissions - We Give Back - Contact us. In this paper an attempt is made to make an exhaustive study of the issue. فعرفنا حينئذ أن النبي – صلى الله عليه وسلم – إنما أراد بطول اليد الصدقة. وكان رسول الله يختلف إليها هناك وضرب عليها الحجاب. 367) & Vol.33, 102-108 (No. We discussed the Battle of Tabuk and then the delegations which spanned 4 years. See also Lane, Edward William, Arabic-English Lexicon, (Beirut: Librairie du Liban, 1968)  Book I, 416, [24] For examples of such usage regarding Maria, see; al-Bazzar, Abu Bakr, al-Musnad, (Madina: Maktaba al-‘Ulum wa al-Hikam, 2005) Vol.13, Hadith 6331; and al-Tabarani, Abu al-Qasim Mu‘jam al-Awsat, (Cairo: Dar al-Haramain, n.d.) Hadith 3627, [25] As in the report of Anas b. Malik with al-Nasa’i quoted above in section 2.1, [26] As in one of the reports from al-Dahhak b. Mazahim referred above, [27] As in the report from Ibn ‘Abbas and ‘Urwah b. al-Zubair quoted in section 2.1 above, [28] Ibn Sa‘d, al-Tabaqat a-Kubra, Vol.1, 200, [29] al-Zurqani, Sharh ‘ala Mawahib al-Laduniya, (Beirut: DKI, 1996) Vol.5, 32, [30] Ibn Abi ‘Asim, Abu Bakr, al-Ahad wa al-Mathani, (Riyadh: Dar al-Rayah, 1991) Vol.5, 447 Hadith 3124, [31] Al-Maqrizi, Ahmad bin ‘Ali, Imta’ al-Asma’, (Beirut: Dar al-Kotob al-Ilmiya, 1999) Vol.6, 130, [32] Ibn Sa‘d, al-Tabaqat a-Kubra, Vol.8, 171, [33] Zubair b. al-Bakkar, al-Muntakhab min Kitab Azwaj al-Nabi, 58, [34] Ibn Sa‘d, al-Tabaqat a-Kubra, Vol.1, 108; the report, however, is signally weak for the chain of reporters does not include an eye-witness. ‘Abdul Rahman, Tahdhib al-Kamal fi Asma’ al-Rijal, (Beirut: al-Resalah Publishers, 1980) Vol.2, 446-454 (No. The Messenger of Allah used to visit her there. Narrated ‘Umar the freed-slave of Ghafra that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: Fear Allah concerning the people of covenant especially those from Madrah with dark complexion and curly hair as they have blood-tie and marriage-relation with us. Lady Maria and her life with the Messenger of Allah. Maria al-Qibtiyya (may Allah be pleased with her) is said to have married the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and certainly everyone gave her the same title of respect as the Prophet’s wives, ‘Umm al Muminin’ ‘Mother of the Believers‘. The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe. But isn’t there a ruling in Islam which says a man has to marry his slave when she bears him a child? Ibn Sa‘d has recorded the testimony of ‘Abdullah b. Yazid al-Hudhali (d. 149/766) that he counted the number of quarters as nine[6] when they were about to be demolished for expansion of the mosque in the year 88/707 under ‘Umar b. Another argument alluded by those who suggest Maria was a wife of the Prophet (ﷺ) is based on the statement of Maquqas in his letter to the Prophet (ﷺ) i.e. Sîrîn bint Sham'ûn was an Egyptian Coptic Christian concubine, sent with her sister Maria al-Qibtiyya as gifts to the Islamic prophet Muhammad from the Egyptian official Muqawqis in 628.. This is a strong proof that Maria, although she enjoyed special favor with the Prophet (ﷺ) after bearing him a son, did not formally become a wife of the Prophet (ﷺ) till the very end of his life. Telling Someone to Bite Their Father’s Genitals: Explicit Phrase or Misunderstood Expression? Seerah Part 97 - Maria the Copt & Death of Ibrahim Seerah of Prophet Muhammad (sws) - Yasir Qadhi • By Supporting Yasir Qadhi • Jul 13 When you conquer it, treat its inhabitants well for they have responsibility of blood-tie (upon you). Firstly, the report is weak as its chain of narrators includes an altogether unknown person. قالت عائشة: فكنا إذا اجتمعنا في بيت إحدانا بعد النبي – صلى الله عليه وسلم – نمد أيدينا في الجدار نتطاول. Likewise, ‘Imran b. Abi Anas (d. 117/735) in his description of the houses of the Prophet’s wives mentioned that they were nine in total. (Hagar) was a well-known and noble woman who was the daughter of our king. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. It is imperative for Muslims to stick to the things thoroughly grounded in the broader Islamic tradition and do so with education conviction about the strength of the proofs for the opinions that have thus reached us after passing through crucible of centuries of scholarship and analysis. Concubine Status Multiple Scholars and authors have mentioned Maria al-Qibtiyya as one of the concubines (out of four) of Muhammad. By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. It can, therefore, safely be concluded that being veiled does not establish the wife status. May Allah be pleased with her. [47] Al-Hindi, ‘Ali Muttaqi, Kanz al-‘Ummal, (Beirut: al-Resalah Publishers, 1981) Hadith 14304; al-Hindi cites Ibn Sa‘d as the source, however, it is not found in the published edition of Ibn Sa‘d’s work. As evident it also involves some unknown narrators from Madina. his jariyah) it certainly implies concubine (slave-girl) status. A writer by the name of Umar has taken issue () with my response to two Muslims regarding Mariyah’s status, i.e. Sam Shamoun. Star Gazing at Cheomseongdae - East Asia’s Oldest Observatory, The Ottoman Empire: 600 Years of Domination, The Megalithic Mystery of the Greek Dragon Houses. 4271, [51] Al Mawsu‘ah Al Fiqhiyyah Al Kuwaitiyah, (Kuwait: Dar al-Salasil, 1408 AH) Vol.11, 300, Published : August 10, 2018                 Last modified : August 25th, 2018, Your email address will not be published. See, al-Turifi, ‘Abdul ‘Aziz, al-Taqrir fi Asanid al-Tafsir, (Riyadh: Dar al-Minhaj, 2011) 67-68, Reported by ‘Urwah b. al-Zubair: Ibn Sa‘d, al-Tabaqat a-Kubra, (Beirut: DKI, 1990) Vol.8, 151, [5] Al-Andalusi, Ibn Hazm, al-Muhalla bil Athar, (Beirut: Dar al-Fekr, n.d.) Vol.7, 505; Vol.8, 215; Ibn Hazm termed it ‘sahih al-sanad’ and ‘jayyid al-sanad.’ Ibn Hazm has the report with an isnad different from that with Ibn Majah etc. Maria, the Copt: al-Muqawqas, king of Egypt, sent four female slaves to Muhammad and Maria was one of them. [16] We give the names of some along with the words used for Maria in their respective reports; All these authorities lived closer to the era of the Prophet (ﷺ) compared to Mus‘ab b. Hafsa was very upset. When the Prophet (ﷺ) sent his envoy to the Patriarch of Alexandria soon after the Truce of Hudaibiya in Dhu al-Qa‘da 6/March 628 he besides lending an ear, treated the envoy with honor and sent him back with gifts for the Prophet (ﷺ). فلما حملت وضعت هناك …, The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) lodged her in a property in the ‘Aliya locality of Madina which is now known as Orchard of Umm Ibrahim. Of all the reports mentioning ‘marriage-relation’ with Egyptians this one alone can be deemed reliable. Accordingly, it cannot be taken in absolute terms especially when there are multiple suggestions against it. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. Then Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, revealed: “O Prophet! As for the claim that the word ‘jariyah’ used for her in certain reports does not necessarily mean a slave-girl and it is used also for any young girl regardless of her social status, while true fails to serve the point for two reasons; (a) it does not positively prove that she was wife of the Prophet (ﷺ) for undisputedly the word is used for a female-slave as well,[23] and (b) once used in the construction ‘jariyatahu’ (i.e. The Colossal Head of Decebalus, King of the Dacians, New Evidence Suggests Early Humans HIBERNATED In Caves, Like Bears, Raised Celtic Settlement May Be Aftermath of Boudica’s Rebellion, Egyptian Hippos: Ancient Symbol of Protection, Rebirth And Hunting, Revealing The Hellenistic Origins Of Jaffa, The Holiest Port, Grasshopper Diet Caused Lethal Constipation 1,000 Years Ago, 7.2 million-Year-Old Pre-Human Fossil Suggests Mankind Arose in Europe NOT Africa, Sky Burial: Tibet’s Ancient Tradition for Honoring the Dead, Ancient Anomalous Human Skeletons: Humanity Could be Much Older Than We Think, Where are Ashkenazi Jews from? In view of the positive arguments for the status of Maria, the Copt, with the Prophet (ﷺ) and critique of the arguments of those who seek to break with the tradition it is evident that Maria was indeed a concubine of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) and not a wife. slave-girl) and not a wife of the Prophet (ﷺ) is generally established in the Muslim tradition. She was the mother of (Prophet’s son) Ibrahim. Islam allows a man to have intercourse with his slave woman, whether he has a … It is reported regarding Raihana bt. Early sources, including Ibn Qayyim Al … It is known that Zainab bt. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained. [24] To mention the father-daughter relation more regular word bint is used regardless of age of the daughter. Similarly, there is a report suggesting about her lineage; عن عائشة، رضي الله عنها قالت: أهدى ملك من بطارقة الروم يقال له: المقوقس جارية قبطية من بنات الملوك تسمى مارية, Narrated ‘Aisha: One of the Roman patriarchs who was known as Maquqas gifted a Coptic (slave-)girl of royal descent whose name was Maria.[30]. Most people are familiar with the story of Atlantis, the legendary sunken city as described by the ancient Greek philosopher Plato. فلم نزل نفعل ذلك حتى توفيت زينب بنت جحش وكانت امرأة قصيرة. Narrated ‘Aisha: The Prophet (ﷺ) said to his wives, “The first to follow me (in passing away) among you would be the one with longest hands.” She said, ‘After the death of the Prophet (ﷺ) whenever we gathered in house of any of us we would put our hands against the wall comparing the length. Here we see even ‘Amr in direct talk to the Copt prelates mentioned only the blood-tie through Hajira/Hagar, the mother of Isma‘il. [49], Ranked weak by a few scholars and deemed reliable/acceptable by Ibn Sa‘d and Ahmad b. Hanbal, ‘Umar the feed-slave of Ghafra never listened anything from any companion and is accordingly known for narrating directly from the Prophet.[50]. ‘Umar the freed-slave of Ghafra said: they have blood-tie through the mother of Prophet Isma‘il, and marriage-relation because the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) took a woman from them as concubine. 6819, [14] Zubair b. al-Bakkar, al-Muwaffaqiyat (Beirut: ‘Alam al-Kitab, 1996) No. Monday , December 21 2020 / 6th Jumada I, 1442 A.H. Maria, the Copt: Prophet Muhammad’s Wife or Concubine? Thoth’s Enigmatic Emerald Tablets May Provide the Answer, White Skin Developed in Europe Only As Recently as 8,000 Years Ago Say Anthropologists, The Pyramid Complex and the Hopi: Creation Myth Sheds Light on Building Plan, The Knights of Blanik Mountain Are Ready to Face the Darkest Hour. [16] Background to Qur’an 66:2: Incident of Honey or Maria? When you conquer it, treat its inhabitants well for they have responsibility of blood-tie (upon you).”  Or he said, “responsibility by the way of relationship of marriage.” But if you see two men fighting over a space size of a brick, then leave it.”[44]. Firstly, Mus‘ab was born in the year 156/773 and, therefore, his report is mu‘dal i.e. A new analysis of two 7.2 million-year-old fossils belonging to a hominin species nicknamed “El Graeco” from Mediterranean Europe, suggests that mankind emerged in Europe and not in Africa. As indirect as it may seem this fact is of critical importance given the Prophet’s (ﷺ) answer to his wives’ question in this regard. Maria the Copt /the concubine thread Thread Tools #1. Maria had become one of Muhammad’s Concubines in addition to his wives. In this version, the Prophet prohibits himself from being intimate with his concubine wife to please his other wives. Maria, the Copt, sent to Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) by the Patriarch of Alexandria spent the rest of her life in Madina where she embraced Islam and lived with the Prophet () eventually bearing him a son. عن عائشة قالت: قال النبي – صلى الله عليه وسلم – لأزواجه: يتبعني أطولكن يدا. He said, ‘No, rather it was with reference to Isma‘il’s mother [i.e. Among the gifts was a young Coptic girl Maria whom the Prophet (ﷺ) chose for himself and established conjugal relations with. Though generally well-known in the Islamic tradition as a concubine of the Prophet (ﷺ) and not a wife, she has in a recently pressed view been raised to the status of a wife of the Prophet (ﷺ) by certain modern-day scholars. And said: Thereafter the Messenger of Allah ( ﷺ ) by the way of Prophet ﷺ! This code along with your comment: f80226c2d594a29e234279e97805408e, 1 a … on,! Notions, Conceptions, and a eunuch named Mabur first argument is that a... 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