According to medical literature, human tail or vestigial tail is a very rare congenital deformity. [18] The tailbone, located at the end of the spine, has lost its original function in assisting balance and mobility, though it still serves some secondary functions, such as being an attachment point for muscles, which explains why it has not degraded further. [69][68] Raising the hair is also used to trap an extra layer of air, keeping an animal warm. Wendy Marvell. As recently as 1971, the _Encyclopedia Britannica_ claimed that there were more than 100 vestigial organs in man. Happy. Neither helps the creationist other than it's interesting that even within their own worldview evolutionists seem incapable or unwilling to consider alternatives. 23 cases of such child with a tail have been reported since 1884 in the … [58], The levator claviculae muscle in the posterior triangle of the neck is a supernumerary muscle present in only 2–3% of all people[59] but nearly always present in most mammalian species, including gibbons and orangutans. It has only been fairly recently though that techniques like CT (computerized tomography) and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scans have been available, and some of the conditions associated with these caudal appendages can only be properly diagnosed and assessed using such equipment. This project is open source! It covers most of the head of a sperm. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. However, the remains of the gene are still present in the human genome as a vestigial genetic sequence called a pseudogene.[76]. This hypothesis has been questioned because of the existence of the afferent loop of the reflex, the fact that it does not explain the reason for glottic closure, and because the very short contraction of the hiccup is unlikely to have a significant strengthening effect on the slow-twitch muscles of respiration. [12][13] The scientists put a scaffolding in the shape of a human … Privacy Policy, Serious medical researchers now refer to this sort of structure as “a disturbance in the development of the embryo but not a regression in the evolutionary process.” [from, Thus, the claim that humans are sometimes born with ‘fully functioning’ tails is. It is the part of the body that corresponds roughly to the sacrum and coccyx in mammals, reptiles, and birds. That way, when the gut is affected by a bout of diarrhea or other illness that cleans out the intestines, the good bacteria in the appendix can repopulate the digestive system and keep the person healthy. He has been hailed by some as a reincarnation of the Hindu monkey god Hanuman because of the 18-cm (7-inch) tail he has. Unfortunately, like most people born with ‘tails’, he has associated medical challenges. One example of this is L-gulonolactone oxidase, a gene that is functional in most other mammals and produces an enzyme that synthesizes vitamin C.[75] In humans and other members of the suborder Haplorrhini, a mutation disabled the gene and made it unable to produce the enzyme. [56] One study has shown the prevalence of palmaris longus agenesis in 500 Indian patients to be 17.2% (8% bilateral and 9.2% unilateral). However, it seems to be no accident that during the years when the child is incontinent the glans is completely clothed by the prepuce, for, deprived of this protection, the glans becomes susceptible to injury from contact with sodden clothes or napkin. Therefore, while the presence of a structure in adult human beings is debated, a review of the scientific literature by Tristram Wyatt concluded, "most in the field ... are sceptical about the likelihood of a functional VNO in adult human beings on current evidence. Dao, A.H. and Netsky M.G., Human Tails and Pseudotails. Peter Robert Cheeke, Ellen S. Dierenfeld, Comparative Animal Nutrition and Metabolism. The only abnormality was that of a tail approximately twelve centimeters long. All the early church had was the old testament, and some had a few letters from Peter and Paul. The human coccyx, or “tail bone,” is a group of four or five small vertebrae fused into one bone at the lower end of our vertebral column. Carla, like other characters, s… The grasp is also evident in the feet too. [66][67], Humans also bear some vestigial behaviors and reflexes. ... "For this mission, you will respond to the name 'Kitsune'." Regarding vestigial structures, Charles Darwin wrote, "An organ, when rendered useless, may well be variable, for its variations cannot be checked by natural selection. In the context of human evolution, human vestigiality involves those traits (such as organs or behaviors) occurring in humans that have lost all or most of their original function through evolution. Why take the time to write in when you don't even know what you or we are talking about? On a cursory look, it was interesting to note that articles which considered the coccyx to be vestigial played down its importance but articles where the authors were dealing with people who had injured their coccyx rarely mentioned evolution and gave more detail on its function and the importance. Erza Scarlet. The tail in the mammals have a specific task of helping in balancing and mobility of the body, but it has lost its significant role in the human body. On the many occasions that such a tumour happened to appear in any other region of the body, it would never be suggested that it was a tail, even if it were somewhat elongated. They didn’t call it a tail because it doesn’t look like one. Natural humanoid. "[52] Darwin C. The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. [30][31] However, most investigators have sought to identify the opening of the vomeronasal organ in humans, rather than identify the tubular epithelial structure itself. Human? A prime example of this in humans used to be the appendix, now known to have definite function. The fountains of the great deep that were broken open, and the flood gates of heaven that were opened, and it rained, spoken of at the time of the flood, bellows out the fact that Moses did not know what he was talking about. While a bite to an adult human is usually very painful and may cause severe swelling, chills, fever, and weakness, it is unlikely to be fatal. [35] Likewise, there is no evidence for any accessory olfactory bulb in adult human beings,[33] and the key genes involved in VNO function in other mammals have become pseudogenes in human beings. For example, in 1916, a surgeon claimed that removal of the appendix had cured several cases of trifacial neuralgia and other nerve pain about the head and face, even though he stated that the evidence for appendicitis in those patients was inconclusive. Who doesn't love being #1? A case report published in 2010 said the following; A 2008 report in the Journal of Perinatology stated: However, papers written ‘pre-MRI’, so to speak, made claims like this (not speaking of lipomata, see Fatty Folly): “(a) vestigial tail” can be “easily removed surgically, without residual effects.”15, “The true human tail is a benign condition not associated with any underlying (spinal) cord malformation.”16. Vestigiality is the retention during the process of evolution of genetically determined structures or attributes that have lost some or all of the ancestral function in a given species. It seems doubtful as it isn't even mentioned. Since God is timeless, those six days of creation could have been simply a period that he wanted to call a day. Actually, such rare congenital deformities are usually a type of fatty tumor having no relationship to the tail of a monkey. This is, however, not because of some vestigial ‘tail DNA’; it is a critical stage of programmed human embryonic development as the notochord and neural tubes extend throughout most of this tail-shaped structure. They could have actually been 4 billion years in our time. Under(her)tail is an NSFW AU with a more comedic tone than Underlust. A coat of Mane ’n Tail Conditioner on the ends keeps it moisturized, too. 5'6" - 6'2" Average weight. She has a white body, which appears to be covered in tissue similar to bird feathers, rather than scales. Lu, F.L., Wang, P.J., Teng R.J., Tsou Yau, K.I., Frank L. Lu, Pen-Jung Wang, Ru-Jeng Teng, and Kuo-Inn Tsou Yau, The Human Tail. Here are five of the most notable vestigial organs in humans: In battle, however, she can spread out a pair of small, bat-like wings, allowing Erik to use her as airborne transportation.In her human form… It does not however seem to have much digestive function, if any, and is not present in all herbivores, even those with large caeca. He says: So the claim by many evolutionists is that sometimes human babies are born with “perfectly formed, even functional tails” which are obvious ‘throwbacks’ to the tailed condition of their evolutionary ancestors. Werker PMN, Terng ASC, Kon M. "The prepuce free flap: dissection feasibility study and clinical application of a super-thin new flap". First of all, I am not an atheist, nor anti-Christian. [7] The discovery of hormones and hormonal principles, notably by Bayliss and Starling, argued against these views, but in the early twentieth century, there remained a great deal of fundamental research to be done on the functions of large parts of the digestive tract. Many studies have been performed to find if there is an actual presence of a VNO in adult human beings. Anatomical studies suggest that the forces generated by the pyramidalis muscles are relatively small. The occipitalis minor is a muscle in the back of the head which normally joins to the auricular muscles of the ear. Mama Tattletail's tail is rarely seen. He cannot walk because of partial paralysis and must use a wheelchair. [22] In modern human populations, wisdom teeth have become useless and often present harmful complications to the extent that surgical procedures are frequently performed to remove them. Human body, the physical substance of the human organism. [57] The palmaris is a popular source of tendon material for grafts and this has prompted studies which have shown the absence of the palmaris does not have any appreciable effect on grip strength. Charles Darwin speculated that the sensitivity of the foreskin to fine touch might have served as an "early warning system" in our naked ancestors while it protected the glans from the intrusion of biting insects and parasites.[52]. But we cannot assume responsibility for, nor be taken as endorsing in any way, any other content or links on any such site. Excellent article. On occasions, an assumed ‘tail’ turns out to be a simple fatty tumour, known as a lipoma. In many non-human mammals, the upper lip and sinus area is associated with whiskers or vibrissae which serve a sensory function. In the internal genitalia of each human sex, there are some residual organs of mesonephric and paramesonephric ducts during embryonic development: Human vestigial structures also include leftover embryological remnants that once served a function during development, such as the belly button, and analogous structures between biological sexes. is it just the Japanese Name for it "Ookami"? A number of muscles in the human body are thought to be vestigial, either by virtue of being greatly reduced in size compared to homologous muscles in other species, by having become principally tendonous, or by being highly variable in their frequency within or between populations. [10] As shown in the accompanying pictures however, the human appendix typically is about comparable to that of the rabbit's in size, though the caecum is reduced to a single bulge where the ileum empties into the colon. 46-47. Core component of nucleosome. found that structures resembling such muscles were present in 35% (7/20) of their specimens. People with these caudal appendage defects most often suffer from a variety of potentially serious medical conditions (and most of the appendages are not ‘easily removed’ as vocal evolutionists claim). The phylogeny hypothesis explains how the hiccup reflex might have evolved, and if there is not an explanation, it may explain hiccups as an evolutionary remnant, held-over from our amphibious ancestors. [33][34] Furthermore, there is no evidence to date that suggests there are nerve and axon connections between any existing sensory receptor cells that may be in the adult human VNO and the brain. It is widely present in euarchontoglires (a superorder of mammals that includes rodents and primates) and has also evolved independently in the diprotodont marsupials, monotremes, and is highly diverse in size and shape which could suggest it is not vestigial. Nonetheless, such a powerful and graphic idea as a ‘human tail’ dies hard, and (especially when bolstered with faked and photoshopped images and video footage) remains popular on the internet. Like the example of Arshid Ali Khan, almost all of those with these caudal appendages have related potentially serious medical conditions. While known as \"Cubellios\", Kinana took the form of a large serpent with violet scales and a light colored underside. The character may just have ears and tail, or may display a host of other cat-like characteristics. Her feet resemble bird talons as well. but what is a human who is part wolf? [Tail 1 - Naruto Fan-Fiction] Fanfiction. Creationists have long debunked vestigial claims for human organs and features such as the appendix, tonsils, coccyx, male nipples, body hair, etc. W. Colin MacKenzie. "[49] The area of the outer foreskin measures between 7 and 100 cm2,[50] and the inner foreskin measures between 18 and 68 cm2,[51] which is a wide range. [32] Thus it has been argued that such studies, employing macroscopic observational methods, have sometimes missed or even misidentified the vomeronasal organ. It has some weak functionality in moving the knee and ankle but is generally considered redundant and is often used as a source of tendon for grafts. It was described by Johannes Peter Müller and is often called Müller's muscle. Although structures called vestigial often appear functionless, a vestigial structure may retain lesser functions or develop minor new ones. In 1916, an author found it necessary to argue against the idea that the colon had no important function and that "the ultimate disappearance of the appendix is a coordinate action and not necessarily associated with such frequent inflammations as we are witnessing in the human".[8]. He has been hailed by some as a reincarnation of the Hindu monkey god Hanuman because of the 18-cm (7-inch) tail he has. [49] In 1949, British physician Douglas Gairdner noted that the foreskin plays an important protective role in newborns. In humans, it further transmits body weight in walking and standing. If the experiment had gone through to the end, though, it would have been. These proposals may explain why premature infants spend 2.5% of their time hiccuping, possibly gulping like amphibians, as their lungs are not yet fully formed. Cat ears are the most common type of kemonomimi, and characters with cat ears are known as catboys and catgirls, or nekomimi (猫耳, cat ears). As recently as 1971, the She is the only Tattletail that tries to harm the player. Definition-based categorization of sperm head, midpiece and tail defects has shown how differently these abnormalities are distributed in fertile men and other groups of men, thus providing high and low thresholds, a starting point for diagnosis or research purposes. Twenty-three cases of human babies born with such a structure have been reported in the medical literature since 1884. Developmental abnormalities can rarely cause caudal appendages which have been loosely termed ‘tails’. Though this has unfortunately led to the term ‘true tails’, no babies are ever born with anything that could be remotely called a true tail, structurally and functionally. There had been a long history of doubt about such dismissive views. [6] Some carnivorous animals may have appendices too, but seldom have more than vestigial caeca. The muscle forms an important part of the lateral orbital wall in some animals, but in humans it is not known to have any significant function.[42][43]. Characteristic of the vertebrate form, the human body has an internal skeleton with a backbone, and, as with the mammalian form, it has hair and mammary glands. And no humans born with such an abnormality are able to use their caudal appendage for any of the functions above. [9] Only one species of primate, the Calabar angwantibo, is known to have a functioning nictitating membrane. [47], In modern times, there is controversy regarding whether the foreskin is a vital or vestigial structure. Herman, T.E. Mermaid John William Waterhouse , A Mermaid (1900). Giberson has since apologized but it is hardly a shining example of due diligence for a Ph.D. scientist, and a good warning for those who blindly accept such evolutionary ‘evidences’ without thoroughly examining their validity.6. This seems so typical of many critical responders. [citation needed], There are also vestigial molecular structures in humans, which are no longer in use but may indicate common ancestry with other species. Researchers deduce that the appendix has the ability to protect good bacteria in the gut. The forehead (braincase) is the portion of the head that’s similar to your own forehead; it goes from the stop and eyebrows to the back point of the skull.. The most popular story lay people have been exposed to regarding this is probably that of Arshid Ali Khan, a teenager from Punjab in India. Just such a claim was made by the professing (but questionable) Christian Karl Giberson (a major contributor to the theistic evolutionary organization Biologos and author of the book Saving Darwin; How to be a Christian and Believe in Evolution) during a debate with Intelligent Design proponent Stephen Meyer. Medical researchers who have had the lucky opportunity to study a human tail have divided them into two general categories: “true tails,” which extend from the coccyx (tailbone) where one might expect a so-called “vestigial tail,” and “pseudotails” which are often found in other locations on the lower back, and seem to be obvious aberrations since they are often associated with anomalies.