Estimated the Earth''s circumference between 28,000 to 29,000 miles. Pharos. Alexander the Great's empire and its division among his successors would define the Hellenistic era. Have students answer the reading question, How did Alexander try to mix Macedonian, Greek, Persian, and Bactrian people and cultures? HSS 6.4.7 Trace the rise of Alexander the Great and the spread of Greek culture eastward and into Egypt. First the Greeks (and others) spread their culture around the Mediterranean, then Alexander and the Hellenistic kingdoms spread trade and culture eastward to India, north into Central Asia, and south into Africa. The size of the empire made securing it next to impossible, and life outside the orderly large cities was filled with danger from bandits and pirates. This resulted in the export of Greek culture and language to these new realms, and moreover Greek colonists themselves. What buildings in the USA have a Hellenistic influence? Hellenistic rulers, trade, and cultural influences made that area a vital link between east and west on the Silk Road (the fifth link). Hellenistic civilization. Hellenistic is a fancy word for Greek. It was spread by the Macedonians through the empire created by Alexander the Great. Alexander the Great constructed the second link. Trade routes now connected the entire Mediterranean world and reached as far as India. Founded by the Greek philosopher Zeno, that stressed people should lives virtuous lives in harmony with the will of god or the natural Laws that God established in the universe. Alexander spread Greek technology and ideas throughout his empire; 8 Alexandria. 6 ALEXANDER THE GREAT Despite the rise of the Republic of Rome, and its associated roman empire, critical aspects such as the Greek language, philosophy, and attitudes, there is no doubt that the Hellenistic culture spread to vast areas globally (Haubold, 2016). German historian J. G. Droysen coined the word "Hellenistic" during the 19th century, to refer to the expansion of Greek culture after Alexander's death. Greek language was for this time the language of the intellectuals, the literate later adopted by the Romans and then transformed. How did Hellenistic Culture shape the rest of the Mediterranean world? The term “Hellenization” was coined to denote the spread of Greek language, culture, and population into the former Persian empire after Alexander’s conquest. These cities were presumably intended to be administrative headquarters in the regions, and to have been settled by Greeks; many were settled by veterans of Alexander's campaigns. Alexander spread Hellenistic culture throughout Asia. First the Greeks (and others) spread their culture around the Mediterranean, then Alexander and the Hellenistic kingdoms spread trade and culture eastward to India, north into Central Asia, and south into Africa. The characteristics of the Hellenistic period include the division of Alexander's empire, the spread of Greek culture and language, and the flourishing of the arts, science and philosophy. As a result, Hellenistic art, philosophy, science, architecture, and customs spread throughout Alexander’s domain, just as he had hoped. Trace every name and movement on a map. Next students investigate how Greek culture spread in the Hellenistic era, with the question: How did Greek trade, travel, and colonies, followed by the conquests of Alexander the Great and the spread of Hellenistic culture, affect increasing connections among regions in Afroeurasia? until 31 B.C. - the last Hellenistic kingdom, over which reigned the Ptolemies in Egypt, was incorporated into the Roman Empire after the Battle of Actium in 30 BC. In 336, his son Alexander led that army to conquer the Persian Empire and states as far east as the Indus River. Romans legions conquered the Greek homeland in 146 BC, but other Hellenistic kingdoms carried on for several decades after that. The conquests of Alexander the Great spread Hellenism Hellenism, the culture, ideals, and pattern of life of ancient Greece in classical times. Athens remained a major cultural hub. He also put in place policies that united all these lands in trade networks and cultural exchange. Hellenistic Culture. The Hellenistic period is dated from 323 B.C. The first reading is individual silent read, the second is whole class sentence deconstruction and references activity, the third reading is text annotation, and the fourth reading is to answer a text-dependent question. Relating to the civilization, language, art, science, and literature of the Greek world from the regions of Alexander the Great to the late second century B.C.E. The spread of Hellenistic cultures was sparked by the conquests of Alexander the Great. Go over the vocabulary list with students. His father, Philip of Macedon (a state in northern Greece) had built a powerful military and used it to conquer the Greek city-states. Koine (koy•NAY), the popular spoken language used in Hellenistic cities, was the direct result of Hellenistic Culture in Alexandria As a result of Alexander’s policies, a vibrant new culture emerged. More advanced readers should tackle the entire text. The Spread of Hellenistic Culture. This strategy will aid comprehension by breaking down the sentences into smaller components and clarifying the actors, actions, and references. Slide 30. Alexander respected the local cultures he conquered, and allowed their customs to continue. 1. Who did Alexander the Great conquer? Trade routes for the first time connected most of Afroeurasia, from the Atlantic to the Pacific, so that products actually traveled from China to Spain. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Perhaps one of the greatest scientific advances of the Hellenistic period was the work of Archimedes. The Greeks played a major role in the early stages of building those connections. Alexander the Great : Spreading Hellenistic Culture. 6.4 The Spread of Hellenistic Culture Student Handout, 6.4 The Spread of Hellenistic Culture Teacher Key. Describe how the growth of Alexander’s empire spread Greek culture. He had a policy of capturing new empires and blending them with new cultures, which would result in a new vibrant culture. For the Persians and Medians, students should locate the heart of the Persian Empire — the southern part of the modern country of Iran. Hellenism did not replace local cultures, but gave the wealthy elites a highly attractive alternative culture. This period continued the wealth of Greece’s Golden Age. This is the Student Handout. Hellenistic is a fancy word for Greek. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. It was spread by the Macedonians through the empire created by Alexander the Great. So his goal was to bring people of very different cultures together under a single government. Reading Question: How did Alexander try to mix Macedonian, Greek, Persian, and Bactrian people and cultures? Hellenistic is a fancy word for Greek. Kick-starting the Western Civilization. Alexander of Macedon was the son of Philip II (r. 359-336 BCE) who recognized that his neighbors considered Macedon a backward region of little importance and decided to change that view dramatically. Start studying 5-5: The Spread of Hellenistic Culture. The first link in the chain was the spread of trade and culture around the Mediterranean and southwestern Asia. to the rise of the Roman Empire and its conquest of Egypt in 30 B.C., in the Middle East and eastern Mediterranean. 7. German historian J. G. Droysen coined the word "Hellenistic" during the 19th century, to refer to the expansion of Greek culture after Alexander's death. Click to see full answer. For English learners and those who read below grade level, prepare a shortened version of Source 3. Slide 32. Also he wanted to spread Greek ideas to through of his empire. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Alexander the Great and the Spread of Hellenistic Culture 1. Greek culture and influence spread through this area for the next two centuries. It follows the Classical Age and precedes the incorporation of the Greek empire within the Roman empire in 146 B.C. The Hellenistic kingdoms never included Gaul, Iberia or Britain, all of which would, within about three centuries of Alexander’s death, fall within the Roman Empire. Alexander the Great knew that his rule alone was not enough to keep his large, diverse empire united. What is Hellenistic culture? Have students draw arrows on their papers. Alexander spread Hellenistic culture throughout Asia. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Then have them read the first paragraph to themselves. However, the rise of the Roman Republic marked the slow decline of the Hellenistic empires. Trade continued among the different parts of the empire. He also continued Alexander’s policies of supporting trade, cultural exchange, and Hellenism, but in 247 BCE the Parthians, people who lived in the borderland between Persia and Central Asia, began to take over parts of Persia. Greek language, art, architecture, and literature spread throughout the Middle East. Throughout the territory under Rome's control, residential architecture ranged from very modest houses to country villas, and in the capital city of Rome, to the residences on the elegant Palatine Hill, from which the word \"palace\" is derived. If you want to work with students on citing evidence in writing, you could take this opportunity to show them how to shorten long sentences in quotations. He also made supportive laws and conditions for trade, created Greek-style towns, and introduced to the areas he conquered the set of Greek cultural traditions historians call “Hellenism”. Many Greek and Hellenistic ideas were spread throughout the countries such as, Egypt, India and Southwest Asia. Alexander spread Greek culture throughout the Persian Empire, including parts of Asia and Africa. 6. During the time of Alexander, Greece had reached the pinnacle of glory in the realms of art, literature, philosophy and science. Alexander’s Hellenization policies can also be viewe… The translation presents difficult challenges to sixth graders, particularly if they are English learners or read below grade level. The sentences are long and complex; there are lots of names and places and unfamiliar words; and Arrian just narrates events and does not explain their implications. Soon had Syria, Palestine, and Egypt. Mathematician who taught in Alexandria and wrote the Elements. The item to focus on in 4 is the phrase “the territories he had previously overrun.” Explain that this means all the places that Alexander had conquered. Accurately estimated the value of pi. When Alexander died in 323, his generals divided his conquests into four large kingdoms. This has, in the past, been interpreted as part of Alexander's desire to spread Greek culture throughout the empire. Find answers now! As Source 3 relates, Alexander intended to create a new multicultural empire by intermarrying Macedonians with Bactrians and Persians, and by training children from the conquered peoples to use Macedonian weapons. What happens when cultures collide? As the Maurya expanded their control into the northwest, they connected with the Hellenistic world through the Greek-style cities and Greek-speaking people who lived in that area (sources 7 and 8). 11. HSS 6.4.1 Discuss the connections between geography and the development of city-states in the region of the Aegean Sea, including patterns of trade and commerce among Greek city-states and within the wider Mediterranean region. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. This set uses art objects as evidence of connections between cultures. Hellenistic civilization. The following two centuries are known as the Hellenistic period. Caused the Hellenistic era. Have students turn to a partner and discuss: What is this paragraph about? Alexander brought most of the world that was known to him under his rule. 1. The spread of Hellenistic culture. His favorite book was Homer’s Iliad Alexander conquered the Persian empire and controlled the largest empire the world has ever seen. crumbled, but his cultural legacy lasted for centuries. Hellenistic culture was spread through the reign of Alexander the Great. Cosmopolitan Hellenistic cities became sites of encounter for people of different cultures, religions, and regions. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. The Greeks were also aware of the richness of Indian culture. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Hellenistic Era - the time period following the death of Alexander during which Greek culture spread through the known world. Alexander created the Hellenistic Age, a time when Greek culture mixed with the various cultures of Alexander's Empire. Even inside the Hellenistic sphere, most people -- those dwelling in rural areas -- remained largely untouched by Greek culture, which flourished mainly in the cities. The directions that follow are for a teacher-directed close reading activity. His actions helped interconnect all the regions he conquered. (31 B.C. Alexander created the Hellenistic Age, a time when Greek culture mixed with the various cultures of Alexander's Empire. Greeks formed hundreds of colonies around the coasts of the Mediterranean and Black seas, and they developed a new way of exchanging goods — using money in a public marketplace. The exchange was not only with Egyptians adopting Hellenism but also with Greeks and other Hellenistic people adopting Egyptian styles and ideas. It is the blend of Greek culture with Egyptian, Persian and Indian influences; 7 Alexander spread Hellenistic culture throughout Asia. or … Students will struggle with this level of abstract thinking, so you might just tell them (and have them write it down) that Alexander was trying to create a multicultural society based on Hellenism, that conquered people were more likely to adopt Hellenistic ideas and government if their own culture and ideas were included, and that Alexander’s policies helped the influence of Hellenism continue in the lands he conquered after he himself was dead. It usually means primarily the culture of Athens and the related cities during the Age of Pericles..... Click the link for more information. 12. 9. Through them, Greek civilization spread right across the Middle East and amalgamated with local cultures producing a hybrid civilization. One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. After the conquest of the Persian Empire by Alexander the Great, Hellenistic kingdoms were established throughout south-west Asia (the 'Near' and 'Middle East') and north-east Africa (mainly ancient Egypt). Alexander respected the local cultures he conquered, and allowed their customs to continue. Incorrectly placed the Earth at the center of our solar system. The Macedonian conquest of Greece followed the weakening of Greek defenses during the Peloponnesian Wars. Tell students to underline all the subjects. Alexander himself embraced local customs, wearing Persian clothes and marrying Persian women. Became one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. ➔ The Hellenistic period began in 323 BCE, with the death of Alexander the Great. Slide 31. The third era of ancient Greek history was the Hellenistic Age when the Greek language and culture spread throughout the Mediterranean world. Modern measurements puts the circumference at 24,860 miles. An enormous Hellenistic sculpture that formerly stood near the harbor of Rhodes. 350 foot lighthouse located in Alexandria, Egypt. Was the director of the Alexandria Museum. Start studying Chapter 5: The Spread of Hellenistic Culture. Hellenistic cities, moreover, fostered Macedonian conceptions of monarchy as … Repeat the procedure of 3 – 8 for the second paragraph. No headers. 2 King Philip IIs Macedonian Empire. Some of the great names of learning in this Age include Archimedes, Hero, and Euclid. Hellenistic culture was spread through the reign of Alexander the Great. Project several student annotations on the elmo (overhead projector.). 350 foot lighthouse located in Alexandria, Egypt. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Elites from Spain to India could participate in Hellenistic culture and become “cosmopolitan,” or a citizen not of a city, but of the world. Inspired Romans. The ancient Greek word for Greece is Hellas.The period after the Classical Age is referred to as the Hellenistic Age because it saw Greek civilization spread across the entire Middle East, thanks to the tactical genius and driving ambition of one man, Alexander the Great. Slide 31. From the eighth century BCE, Greeks and other people around the Mediterranean Sea connected their city-states together by sea travel and trade. Make sure students understand what “their coming” refers to, and have them draw an arrow to the referrer. 3. The city also had several theaters. Both versions should include the vocabulary list. Alexander the Great's father, Phillip II, conquered all of Greece and united it under one ruler, himself. Trade and the spread of ideas and technologies, particularly Hellenism and Buddhism, spread throughout this area. The Hellenistic period refers to the time from the death of Alexander the Great or the end of the Greek Classical Era in 323 B.C. This was a time of advances in learning, math, art, and architecture. Hellenistic Culture in Alexandria As a result of Alexander’s policies, a vibrant new culture emerged. Alexander set-up cities throughout his empire, modeled them after Greek cities and spread Greek culture throughout the Hellenistic culture, a blend of Greek, Persian, and Indian traditions was created. Egyptian city that became the foremost center of commerce in the Hellenistic world. Besides Alexander was a bold and brilliant general. Tell them that the sentences have lots of clauses, and each clause has a subject, so they need to look for lots of subjects (coming before verbs.). Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. Alexander created the Hellenistic Age, a time when Greek culture mixed with the various cultures of Alexander's Empire. Ancient Greece Hellenistic This period is called as the ancient Greece Hellenistic because of the Greek empire was spread across the entire Mediterranean and parts of Asia and had reached till India. His vast empire split up between his leading generals, who established royal dynasties over the separate kingdoms. Greco-Buddhism, or Graeco-Buddhism, is the cultural syncretism between Hellenistic culture and Buddhism, which developed between the 4th century BCE and the 5th century CE in Bactria (modern day Afghanistan) and the Indian subcontinent.It was a cultural consequence of a long chain of interactions begun by Greek forays into India from the time of Alexander the Great. The conquests of Alexander the Great spread Hellenism immediately over the Middle East and far into Asia. Greek Culture Continues to Spread. Alexander spread Greek culture throughout the Persian Empire, including parts of Asia and Africa. In 8, focus on the verb phrase “it is said that their coming caused.” It is said probably means that Arrian read this in one of the earlier histories, but it might also mean that Arrian himself was skeptical about the information and didn’t want to present it as a fact. Despite this, it is often considered a period … Philip II had been a hostage for three years in Greek Thebes where he was exposed to Greek culture, military tactics and formations, and philosophy.Although he made the greatest use of the military information, he decreed a … After his ventures of the Persian Empire, Hellenistic kingdoms were established throughout south-west Asia and north-east Africa. They established a firm connection of trade and … Then use arrows to identify all the referrers. They should highlight evidence that will help them answer the reading question. Egyptian city that became the foremost center of commerce in the Hellenistic world. Oxyartes was the king of Bactria. The Roman Empire's many accomplishments helped its culture spread great distances. Philip took over as king of Macedonia ; Skilled … After his ventures of the Persian Empire, Hellenistic kingdoms were established throughout south-west Asia (the ' Near ' and ' Middle East ') and north-east Africa (ancient Egypt and Cyrene in ancient Libya). 2. No. Life in the Roman Empire revolved around the city of Rome, and its famed seven hills. How did the empire of Alexander the Great establish a basis for the spread of Hellenistic culture? This website uses cookies to improve your experience. It was a time of relative peace, after the Wars of the Diadochi (322-275 BC). Hellenistic. Took title of the Great King of Persians. They established a firm connection of trade and exchange with India and central Asia that was never broken. Another successor kingdom was Graeco-Bactria in Central Asia. Alexander the Great. 1 Questions & Answers Place. It also spread farther across the Mediterranean as the range of sailing ships increased. Because of the many peoples and areas involved in this topic, it is complicated. This map shows the spread of Hellenistic culture after the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BCE.During his rule over an empire that stretched across Europe and Asia, Alexander the Great established the city of Alexandria, which was connected by trade routes (shown in red) to other major cities such as Babylon, Persepolis, and Bactra.These, and other cities, became "Hellenized" as they … Use maps to orient students. Interconnection between regions in Afroeurasia increased by the activities of Greeks, Alexander the Great, and the Hellenistic kingdoms. 5. The era also brought innovations in science and mathematics, for example, the principles of geometry came from Euclid, who lived in the Hellenistic Egyptian city of Alexandria. 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