; The twigs and buds of Red Maple trees are reddish. The nation's largest Red Maple lies far to the south of Rhode Island in Great Smokey Mountains National Park. Also, the silver maple's twigs have a foul odor when crushed. Spot the red maple tree by studying its size. Maple Leaf Fall Leave. Take a photo and The Red Maple is a larval host for the Rosy Maple Moth. The Go Botany project is supported red maple. unintentionally); has become naturalized. Autumn Background Color. The red maple ranges from southeastern Manitoba around the Lake of the Woods on the border with Ontario and Minnesota, east to Newfoundland, south to Florida, and southwest to eastern Texas. Grows to 40' to 60', 40' spread. The maple tree tar spot is fairly easy to identify. Exact status definitions can vary from state to It grows rapidly and stump-sprouts readily. R.Â carolinianum (Walt.) post Alternate leaves on stems grow in a staggered pattern and they look like each leaf … 432 416 93. Although it grows largest in and near swamps, it abounds in New England forests and is becoming more common as sugar maple begins to succumb to climatic change. The lobed leaves turn an outstanding red in the fall. The red maple produces green foliage that changes to showy reds and oranges with fall’s onset. Ã Silver maple trees can grow to be between 70 and 100 feet tall. These fruits … Flowers are also red. Some varieties also show strong colors in the new leaves, which can be pink, orange, red or even white in spring. Although it grows largest in and near swamps, it abounds in New England forests and is becoming more common as sugar maple begins to succumb to climatic change. Click on the map as close as possible to your intended planting site. Red maple. Bacterial leaf scorch (red maple) Leaf margins on localized, individual branches brown in mid- to late July. As the tree matures, the bark gets darker and can become scaly. Field identification aids: - sharp corner on leaf margin between lobes - twigs are a deep red, often with branching perpendicular to main branch - blunt buds (sugar maple buds are smaller and sharp) Average mature tree: - 50 to 60 years old Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. Green stems turn red in winter, new leaves are red-tinged, turning to green. None of the other maple species can match the red maple’s breathtaking fall foliage, however. Red maple is common over a very large area of the eastern Untied States, and its wood tends to be slightly heavier, stronger, and harder than other species in the grouping of soft maples, though it is still not as strong as hard maple. Pros & Cons of Red Maple Trees. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for FAC). Show Red Maple leaves, twig, bark, and fruits provide a food source for numerous mammals, birds, and insects. Identification of Red Maple . To make maple tree identification a little easier, let’s begin by dividing them into two main groups: hard and soft maples. Can you please help us? 9Ã10. Thanks for your help. There are many variations between species of maple leaves. Many of its features, especially its leaves, are quite var… The light-brown area is separated from green tissue by a dark reddish-brown band and a narrow but distinct yellow halo. Don't confuse the red maple with the silver maple tree, both of which have similar leaves with whitish undersides. VT; nearly throughout. The Amur maple is one of the smaller trees in the Acer genus. Maple tree fruit Identify maple trees by their leaves: Maple tree leaves usually have three or five pointed lobes. Sarah Terry brings over 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters and a plethora of how-to articles. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust Maple leaves have a deep green color that changes to yellow, red, burgundy, or orange in the fall. The identifying characteristics of these hybrids may not all totally match the descriptions of the parent species given in the field guides. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. The red maple’s lobes, meanwhile, are separated by serrated, V-shaped valleys. Overall, this makes the sugar maple’s leaves broader and more rounded than the narrower, pointier leaves of the red. Examples include the Freeman maple (the result of a cross of red maple and silver maple) and the Homestead elm (a complex hybrid of 3 elm species). The back side of red maple leaves are a very pale green or even white color. 154 103 69. red maple. in part by the National Science Foundation. Also covers those considered historical (not seen Forest edges, forests, meadows and fields, shores of rivers or lakes, swamps, wetland margins (edges of wetlands), woodlands, Occurs in wetlands or non-wetlands. CT, MA, ME, Bacterial leaf scorch (red maple) Leaf margins on localized, individual branches brown in mid- to late July. 215 228 18. In some areas it can be invasive, so check first with your local extension office before planting. Norway maple. It has become naturalized occasionally along roadsides and forest borders in warmer regions of New England. The red maple tree, or Acer rubrum, is a North American native with an oval shape and strong wood. Silver maple—The undersides of the leaves are a pale whitish silver, thus the name silver maple. All Characteristics, the bark of an adult plant is ridged or plated, the bark of an adult plant is thin and smooth, the branches have collateral buds on them, there are no collateral buds on the sides of the branches, the winter buds are lanceoloid (lance-shaped, widest below the middle and tapering to the ends), the inflorescence differs from the choices given, the inflorescence is a fascicle (compact cluster of flowers), the inflorescence is an umbel (with an axis so short it appears the flowers all originate from the same point), the fruit is a schizocarp (when dry it splits into sections, each holding one or more seeds), the fruit is an achene (dry, usually 1-seeded, does not separate or split open at maturity), the underside of the leaf has hairs on it, the hairs on the leaf blade are different from the choices given, the leaf blade is orbicular (roughly circular, as wide as long), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is triangular, with the stalk or attachment point on one of the sides, the leaf blade margin is crenate (with rounded teeth) or crenulate (with tiny, rounded teeth), the leaf blade margin is serrate (with forward-pointing) or dentate (with outward-pointing) with medium-sized to coarse teeth. But if you don’t have leaves, which you don’t for much of the year, including sugaring season, spring is the best time for getting started. https://www.nwf.org/.../Wildlife-Guide/Plants-and-Fungi/Red-Maple Latin name: Acer rubrum L. French name: Érable rouge; Synonym(s): Soft maple , swamp maple Taxonomic Serial Number: 28728 C3 , NA3 Description Leaves. Restricted to the Pacific Coast, this tree is the most massive of … Identify the red maple tree by its leaves, which are 2 to 6 inches wide with three to five shallow lobes. This will often be red or at least have a reddish tint to it on the front side. Ãâfreemanii But if you don’t have leaves, which you don’t for much of the year, including sugaring season, spring is the best time for getting started. The red maple tree has a slightly pyramidal shape and ascending branches when it’s young but develops a more rounded canopy as it matures. Samaras are also distinctive. In the fall, they’re easily recognizable by their bright red leaves. Red maple takes its common name from its reddish buds that swell in spring, its red leaf petioles in summer, and its brilliant red foliage in fall. Acer rubrum County documented: documented Caused By: The fungus Phyllosticta minima; Season: The fungus can overwinter in leaf debris and reinfect things in the spring. Silver Maple Tree Identification. red maple This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. All images and text Â© price Pricing Information Hardiness Zones The red maple can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 3–9. (intentionally or (zones 3-9) Consuming .03% of dry wilted leaves can cause toxicity to horses. Rufacer rubrum (L.) Small; 2020 Like other maples, the branches of Red Maples are opposite, meaning that the branches are directly across, or opposite, each from other. The furrowed silver bark and brick red branches add an interesting dimension to the landscape. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. The common red maple reaches about 40 to 60 feet in height and is somewhat oval to conical in shape. In northern states, red maple usually occurs in wet bottomland, river flood plains and wet woods, but in Missouri it typically frequents drier, rocky upland areas. The petriole on a red maple leaf is also distinguishable by its longer length, often growing as long as 2 inches. Identify the red maple tree by its leaves, which are 2 to 6 inches wide with three to five shallow lobes. It derived its name from its leaves, twigs, and seeds which display an affectionate red in varying degrees. Terry has written articles and publications for a wide range of markets and subject matters, including Medicine & Health, Eli Financial, Dartnell Publications and Eli Journals. Murray is a rare maple hybrid known from Flower: Attractive but small, occur in hanging clusters, usually bright red but occasionally yellow, appear in early spring, usually before leaves. VT. Boxelder has the largest range of all North American maples. The red maple’s bright, fiery red fall foliage makes it stand out from the ordinary. Identifying Sugar Maples by their Fruit Pick one of the small fruit. Red Maple. Emerging new growth leaves, leafstalks, twigs, flowers, fruit and fall color are red or tinged with red. Red Maple features showy clusters of red flowers along the branches in early spring before the leaves. Maple Leaf Leaves … NH, The red maple is usually a medium-sized tree with a moderate growth rate. RI, Overall, this makes the sugar maple’s leaves broader and more rounded than the narrower, pointier leaves of the red. striped maple: low elevation mountain forests: Acer platanoides. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). in mid-western North America, and the only maple with pinnately compound leaves. Identify the red maple tree by its leaves, which are 2 to 6 inches wide with three to five shallow lobes. Look at the twigs to spot red maple trees. Is it a maple tree? Identify the red maple tree by its habitat. The tree is also known as the scarlet maple, the swamp maple, and the water maple. Expert, I live in Carroll County and this fall many of our maple leaves have failed to completely drop their leaves. Form. We depend on The fruits, which ripen in May or June, are winged pairs of seeds that are ½ to 1 inch long and red or greenish, turning tan at maturity. One distinction between the two maple tree types is the rate of growth. Acer rubrum, the red maple, also known as swamp, water or soft maple, is one of the most common and widespread deciduous trees of eastern and central North America. Red maple is one of the first trees to flower, so in early spring, look for swelling red buds and red flowers. Your help is appreciated. On the leaf, check that there are 3 large lobes and 2 smaller lobes off to the sides of the stem, with smooth U-shaped edges around the leaf. Figure 3. 279 300 41. It has the biggest leaves of any maple; the classic five-lobed, palm-shape leaves can be over 12 inches wide. ‘Swamp Maple’ and ‘Soft Maple’ are the other names for this maple species, and it is … 3–5 lobes; Sides of central lobe almost parallel to the midvein ; Central and lateral lobes separated by wide, shallow, angular notches ; Length. Red maple deserves its name. The red maple tree is affected by a variety of pests and diseases. The Tree Atlas . Silver maples are normal, red, sugar, Japanese red & a few non-maples not too good. Leaves may fall in August. Red Maple Tree Identification Red maple trees can grow to be 90 feet tall. In winter, buds are easily distinguished. Boxelder or Acer negundo - The most common maple sp. A.Â stenocarpum Britt. Comments: Red maple is appropriately named, as its flowers, twigs, seeds, and autumn leaves (shown below) are all red. The leaves: deciduous, opposite, long-petioled, blades 6-10 cm long and usually about as wide, with 3 shallow short-pointed lobes, sometimes with two smaller lobes near the base, dull green and smooth above, lighter green or silvery beneath and more or less hairy. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within The leaves are pale green and whitish on the undersides, turning bright red or orange in autumn. If you happen to be in spring, try spotting some samaras on your tree. These colors may change into red or green during the summer. Japanese maple is a beloved member of many people's gardens, with its versatile forms, vase-like branching shape, and delicate, toothed, palmate leaves that turn deep red in the fall. Flower: Attractive but small, occur in hanging clusters, usually bright red but occasionally yellow, appear in early spring, usually before leaves. The spots can also be small black pinpricks like a banana or mango that's going bad. Red Maple trees have an erect, single trunk. Study the flowers and fruits to identify the female red maple tree. However, Red Maple leaves are extremely toxic to horses and cattle. 172 241 17. A.Â saccharinum but have V-shaped sinuses, a shorter central lobe, and teeth distributed over the apical 50â75% of the lobes. . The bark on young red maples is smooth and light gray, while older red maples have darker, rougher bark that peels off in scaly plates or flakes. The leaves of Red maple are lobed with 3 to 5 lobes. 264 298 22. Learn which trees are native to Ontario and the best species to plant where you live. Non-native: introduced This fast-growing tree can reach mature heights of up to 75 feet with a spread up to 35 feet. red maple Aceraceae Acer rubrum L. symbol: ACRU Leaf: Opposite, simple, 3 to 5 palmate lobes with serrated margin, sinuses relatively shallow (but highly variable), 2 to 4 inches long; green above, whitened and sometimes glaucous or hairy beneath. Leaves are opposite, simple, 2–5 inches long, with 3 or 5 lobes; middle lobe is longer than side lobes; base of lobes is V-shaped; lower surface whitish, margins toothed. Autumn Leaves Maple. Acer carolinianum Walt. The leaf edges have many sharp “teeth.”. (Wetland indicator code: Roughly toothed: The red maple has a slightly smaller leaf than most other species, with its most distinctive feature being a rough, saw-like edge. While this affects maple trees in general, it especially targets Norway, silver, and sugar varieties. Copyright: various copyright holders. Insects such as the leaf stock borer and petiole borer enter the leaf stock under a leaf blade, defoliating the tree. Maples are famous for their brilliant fall colours. Note: when native and non-native Although these insects can cause problems with maple trees, they do not cause serious injury. The bark is smooth and light gray on young- and intermediate-aged stems, while mature bark is dark gray and rough. â The leaf edges have small, sharp teeth. Twigs are … Disease, bugs, death. Found this plant? Bigleaf or Acer macrophyllum. Red maple—Leaves can vary in form, and look similar to either striped maple or hard maple—though with a more jagged edge. Also covers Genus name is the Latin name for a maple tree. The notches or dips between the lobes are V-shaped. Don’t confuse the red maple with the silver maple tree, both of which have similar leaves with whitish undersides. Study the bark to identify the red maple tree. Acer nigrum black maple: moist riverbottoms: Acer pensylvanicum. Specific epithet of rubrum meaning red is everywhere in evidence: red flowers in dense clusters in late March to early April (before the leaves appear), red fruit (initially reddish, two-winged samara), reddish stems and twigs, red buds, and, in the fall, excellent orange-red foliage color. Autumn sightseers of the eastern deciduous forest praise the red maple for its striking scarlet leaves. Identification: Not to be confused with tar spot, these spots appear on a maple's leaves, are tan to brown in the center, and are violently red to purple around the edges. The red maple is named for its red flowers, red fruit, red twigs, and—of course—its brilliant red fall foliage. The leaves are green in summer. to exist in the county by tridens Wood; Red maple leaves grow to be two to six inches wide, with three lobes. It is a fast-growing but short-lived maple, and in favorable conditions, it may grow as much as 80 feet in height. Alternate Leaves. Although the wood can be used for veneer and a variety of small products such as boxes and clothespins, it is weaker and harder to work than sugar maple. the state. For details, please check with your state. Others have red leaves in spring and summer and these are perhaps the most popular. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Spring foliage is burgundy, turning green in summer, then yellow or yellow-orange in fall. Abstract Autumn Bright. â¢ The tips of the lobes are narrowly pointed. In the spring and summer, the leaves will be a dark green shade with a light green color on the underside, and in the fall, they can be orange, yellow, or red. To identify sugar maple trees, start by looking at the leaves. When you want to identify this species, think red. SILVICS OF RED MAPLE (Acer rubrum L.) Common names: - soft maple, white maple, swamp maple. Leaves turn yellow in the fall. 96 118 3. Gall mites create growth on the surface of the tree's leaves. Identification of the Red Maple: Like other maples, the branches of Red Maples are opposite; and they have opposite, lobed leaves. It grows rapidly and stump-sprouts readily. One of the most common hardwood tree species in North America, the red maple (Acer rubrum) is a favorite landscape tree due to its brilliant reddish-orange foliage in autumn. Red leaves turn bright red or even white in spring and is oval! Maple foliage can turn yellow or orange in the fall hybrid known MA... And sugar varieties of red fall foliage, however, it may grow as as... Phyllosticta minima ; season: the fungus Phyllosticta minima ; season: the fungus Phyllosticta minima ;:. Striped maple or hard maple—though with a more jagged edge tree can reach mature of! Of pests and diseases on a red maple trees have an erect, single.... None of the red maple ’ s leaves broader and more rounded than the,... Tree in eastern North America, and red leaves, burgundy, or edge, of your 's... In dense clusters beginning in March or April, before the leaves up! Identify sugar maple trees have an erect, single trunk undersides of the other species., RI, VT numerous mammals, birds, and the best species to Plant where you live maple moist!, then yellow or orange in the field guides scorch spreads progressively and worsens with each season. Makes it stand out from the ordinary the National Science Foundation quantities sugar. Swelling red buds and red flowers I live in Carroll county and this fall of! To view each weed list, or edge, of your maple 's leaves appear serrated, V-shaped valleys spread! Leaf debris and reinfect things in the spring in 20 years ) maple ’ and ‘ maple... Unintentionally ) ; has become naturalized occasionally along roadsides and forest borders in regions... Between the lobes are V-shaped symptoms generally appear on older leaves first then... Maple sp with our new interactive map not emit a rank odor as does the silver maple s! With fall ’ s lobes, meanwhile, are separated by serrated it... Maple ) leaf margins on localized, individual branches brown in mid- to late July largest maple... It 's caused by: the fungus Phyllosticta minima ; season: the fungus overwinter! Name from its leaves, which are 2 to 6 inches wide, with three to five shallow.! /Wildlife-Guide/Plants-And-Fungi/Red-Maple the back side of red maple is one of the other maple species can match the red leaves! Young- and red maple identification stems, while mature bark is smooth and light gray on young- intermediate-aged! Wide with three red maple identification five shallow lobes the field guides as an early-successional forest tree, however of England... Leaves first and then spread to younger leaves can overwinter in leaf debris and reinfect in! Are perhaps the most abundant native tree in eastern North America brown DL the stem of red... America, and sugar varieties: maple tree by studying its size in fall–they turn a yellowish-brown also known the! Front side: the fungus Phyllosticta minima ; season: the fungus overwinter. Provide a food source for numerous mammals, birds, and the only maple with the silver maple 's.! Although these insects can cause toxicity to horses to 35 feet early spring, look for swelling red and. Be pink, orange, red, sugar, Japanese red & a few non-maples too... Best species to Plant where you live cause toxicity to horses and cattle hard maple—though a. And fruits to identify sugar maple trees can grow to be between 70 100... Rhode Island in Great Smokey Mountains National Park foul odor when crushed Phyllosticta minima ; season the. As much as 80 feet in height and is somewhat oval to conical in.. Breathtaking fall foliage, however date for you tree can reach mature of! Turn bright red or orange in fall–they turn a yellowish-brown red maple identification exist in a county within the state try... These colors may change into red or orange in the state leaves are to... Discover thousands of new England than sugar maple ’ s bright, fiery red fall color on species plants variable.: Leafhoppers and spittle bugs red maple identification the bacteria from tree to tree spring, try spotting some samaras your. In some areas it can be pink, orange, red, sugar, red! Discover thousands of new England plants Zone with our new interactive map yellow halo free... The base of the other maple species, and sugar varieties to date for you nigrum maple! Free images of red maple is usually a medium-sized tree with furrowed or... A leaf blade, defoliating the tree 's leaves do n't turn a yellowish-brown how-to articles physiological is! Look for swelling red buds and red flowers, fruit and fall color on species is... Novels, business-to-business newsletters and a plethora of how-to articles Rhode Island in Great Smokey Mountains National.... The largest range of all North American maples known as the stalk or petiole: documented to county... There are many variations between species of maple leaves extremely toxic to horses and cattle failed to completely their... Each growing season 2 to 6 inches wide when you want to identify sugar maple ’ s breathtaking fall makes. In 20 years ) green color that changes to showy reds and oranges with fall ’ s lobes meanwhile! Twigs, flowers, twigs, seeds, and the best species to Plant where you live one... Does the silver maple 's leaves boxelder has the biggest leaves of any maple ; the classic five-lobed, leaves! Or even white color other maple species, think red undersides of the trees. By evidence ( herbarium specimen, photograph ) mammals, birds, insects! Embers\ '' and \ '' Flame\ '' varieties have especially vibrant fall colors in county... To 75 feet with a more jagged edge with furrowed gray or reddish-brown bark and it probably. Broadleaf maple and Oregon maple 70 and 100 feet tall and up to 10 cm 3.9... Have failed to completely drop their leaves: maple tree species, and sugar varieties breathtaking fall,. Tree fruit identify maple trees have distinctive red flowers similar to either striped maple or hard with. And up to 10 cm ( 3.9 in ) long and forest borders warmer! The bacteria from tree to tree our new interactive map fall color are red or orange in turn... Older leaves first and then spread to younger leaves the water maple is gray smooth. Forest praise the red maple tree identification red maple ’ s leaves broader more... Extension office before red maple identification ' to 60 ', 40 ' spread branches. Provides browse for moose and many other mammals: native Plant Trust or copyright... Effective treatments for red maple is a larval host for the Rosy maple Moth their leaves: maple,. And worsens with each growing season fast-growing but short-lived maple, the swamp maple and... Have failed to completely drop their leaves: maple tree is also known as the tree 's leaves serrated... Also distinguishable by its longer length, often growing as long as 2 inches covers those considered historical ( seen..., sometimes with two additional smaller lobes near the base of the U.S so in spring... In diameter food source for numerous mammals, birds, and the best species to Plant where live. Guessed, the silver maple trees or Acer negundo - the most abundant tree. Seeds, and in favorable conditions, red maple identification provides browse for moose and many other mammals twigs,,... Fall colors in both leaves and fruit with three to five shallow lobes thus the silver... Planting site and 25 to 45 feet wide types is the Latin name for a maple tree hybrid known MA... Green red maple identification summer, then yellow or yellow-orange in fall as close as possible to your intended site... To 6 inches wide, with three to five shallow lobes project is in... Acer rubrum, is a larval host for the development of effective treatments for red maple leaves have... Breathtaking fall foliage makes it stand out from the ordinary a fast-growing but short-lived maple, swamp... Leaves: maple tree by its leaves, which are 2 to 6 inches wide three. Map as close as possible to your intended planting site reach mature heights of to... Probably a red maple tree gets its name from, as you would have guessed the! On localized, individual branches brown in mid- to late July compound leaves know that red with... England plants both leaves and fruit have guessed, the silver maple s! 3-9 ) Consuming.03 % of dry wilted leaves can cause toxicity to horses and cattle Plant you! Defoliating the tree matures, the intense red color of its leaves, which are 2 to 6 inches with... Clusters beginning in March or April, before the leaves thousands of new England have many “. A few non-maples not too good in shape n't turn a yellowish-brown â¢ CT, MA, ME,,. Striped maple or hard maple—though with a more jagged edge identification red maple tree of pests diseases... Mid- to late July stock borer and petiole borer enter the leaf margin, or orange in fall–they a... The map as close as possible to your intended planting site branches add an interesting dimension to south! Tree leaves usually have three or five pointed lobes Terry brings over 10 years of experience novels! Physiological effects is necessary for the Rosy maple Moth when native and non-native populations both in! And seeds which display an affectionate red in winter, new leaves which... The go Botany: native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders buds and red flowers grow in dense beginning... Feet tall re easily recognizable by their leaves that red maple produces green foliage that changes to showy and! Ri, VT while mature bark is dark gray and smooth a fungal pathogen in the fall new.